What are the most polluted cities in the world? here’s what we know. With increasing levels of industrialization and economic development, the environment of both human habitation suffers from rising levels of different kinds of pollution. This has led to environmental and public health concerns over the years.
Most cities booming with massive manufacturing and industrial activities, backed by the high standards of living are heavily polluted by dangerous and potentially deadly levels of air pollution — often more than 10 times the safe standard set by the World Health Organization.
So, which cities of the world are the most polluted? Follow us and find out
- 1 17 Most Polluted Cities in the World – Contaminate Towns List
- 1.1 17. Delhi, India
- 1.2 16. Patna, India
- 1.3 15. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
- 1.4 14. Gwalior, India
- 1.5 13. Raipur, India
- 1.6 12. Mexico City, Mexico
- 1.7 11. Karachi, Pakistan
- 1.8 10. Peshawar, Pakistan
- 1.9 9. Port au Prince, Haiti
- 1.10 8. Rawalpindi, Pakistan
- 1.11 7. Khorramabad, Iran
- 1.12 6. Antananarivo, Madagascar
- 1.13 5. Mumbai, India
- 1.14 4. Ahmadabad, India
- 1.15 3. Lucknow, India
- 1.16 2. Dhaka, Bangladesh
- 1.17 1. Baku, Azerbaijan
17 Most Polluted Cities in the World – Contaminate Towns List
17. Delhi, India
Delhi, India’s capital territory, is a massive metropolitan area in the country’s north. As of 2012, the city had a recorded population of 18.98 million. However, due to excess smoke, the city has become one of the most populated cities in not just India, but the world. This is due to heavy industrial activities and lots off traffic, which have combined to create incredibly high levels of particulate matter including carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and metal compounds.
16. Patna, India
Patna is an ancient city that sprawls along the south bank of the Ganges River in Bihar, northeast India. It is the second largest city in eastern India with an estimated population of 1.68 million people. Patna is a vital location for agricultural trades like grains, sugarcane, sesame, and rice, which leads to heavy traffic and emission of Carbon monoxide.
15. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
The Ethiopian capital is the country’s commercial and cultural hub, which is also a centre for high levels of water population. In 2014, Addis Ababa was given a Health And Sanitation Index of 37.9, due to increasing levels of water pollution which has caused many infant deaths
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14. Gwalior, India
A high level of Toxins spread across the air is a major problem for the residents in Gwalior. The city, which is one of the largest in Central India, is surrounded by three industrial and commercial areas: Sitholi, Banmore, and Malanpur.
13. Raipur, India
With Raipur being transformed into a commercial and industrial area for India, supplying coal, power, steel, and aluminium for the whole country, releases of industrial waste and pollutants are inevitable.
12. Mexico City, Mexico
As a result of huge mountains that surround the city, the Countries’ capital is constantly clouded by smog, causing major disadvantages when it comes to air pollution. According to Mercer’s report, Mexico City was given a 37.7 rating, because of the unhealthy ozone emissions that were constant throughout the year, which was causing major concerns.
11. Karachi, Pakistan
Karachi is the plague with abundant air pollution. Although there seems to be a lack of regular sanitation and clean water, vehicle emissions from cars, buses, and rickshaws all combined with industrial activities and steady burning of garbage have earned Karachi its position on the list of Most Polluted Cities in the World [Also, Read: 17 Most Expensive Celebrity Plastic Surgery]
10. Peshawar, Pakistan
Peshawar is another city that suffers from the problems of air pollution s Karachi, caused by vehicle emissions as well as industrial emissions, including brick kiln.
9. Port au Prince, Haiti
Most airborne pollution and environment degradation can be controlled and well managed if the government decides to do something about it. But when they don’t control or enforce laws and restrictions to manage industrial and commercial activities, pollution at the detriment of the residents becomes inevitable. That’s the case of the main port and business centre of Haiti, Port Au Prince.
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8. Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Over the last few decades, the levels of air pollution in the Pothohar region of northern Punjab, Rawalpindi is rising drastically. This is due to the evolving state of the textile mills in the area and the increasing number of vehicles, which results in increased levels of carbon monoxide emission.
7. Khorramabad, Iran
Khorramabad is a city and the capital of Lorestan Province, Iran. At the time of the 2006 census, its population was 328,544, in 75,945 families.
The Province is the centre for the agricultural industry in Iran. And as a result of such agricultural industrial activities, the area has suffered from environmental pollution. In 2012, the health ministry reported over 800,000 deaths caused by pollution across the Country. Khorramabad ranks 7th position among the most Polluted Cities in the World
6. Antananarivo, Madagascar
Antanarivo is one place many would consider less likely to be affected by pollution of any sort since it’s located in Madagascar, the lush paradise. But, however, the countries’ capital is shockingly polluted as a result of industrial activities and deforestation.
5. Mumbai, India
Just like every other Indian cities earlier mention in this post, Mumbai is also frightened polluted despite being the capital of India. However, nothing is less expected when the city is one of the world’s flourishing economic hubs.
The city was rated 38.2 by Mercer. As the number of people continues to increase as well as the industries, the city becomes more coated in pollution. Fortunately, local officials are working on strategies to control the worrying levels of air pollution.
4. Ahmadabad, India
Ahmedabad, in western India, is the largest city in the state of Gujarat. It is becoming an increasingly successful and important city as a crucial economic and industrial area for India, as well as highly polluted too. The city is the second largest producer of cotton, which means more factories are being built, and more factories mean more air pollution.
3. Lucknow, India
Lucknow, a large city in northern India, is the capital of the state of Uttar Pradesh. The city is particularly polluted due to the combination of poor transport infrastructure and an increasing number of vehicle emissions which has exacerbated the problem infinitely. Lucknow ranks 3rd among the most Polluted Cities in the World list
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2. Dhaka, Bangladesh
Dhaka is the capital city of Bangladesh, in southern Asia. Set beside the Buriganga River, it’s at the centre of the national government, trade, and culture. The city is extremely crowded, with a population of more than 15 million people. making Dhaka among the most Polluted Cities in the World
The city authorities have expressed concerns of difficulty dealing with the level of pollution associated with such large populations and their vehicles. There is also a lot of water pollution caused by commercial pesticides.
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1. Baku, Azerbaijan
Baku, the capital and commercial hub of Azerbaijan, is a low-lying city with coastline along the Caspian Sea. The city is so, the dirtiest and most polluted city in the world according to Mercer’s ranking, having a Health And Sanitation score of just 27.6. The city is mostly polluted by Oil drilling and shipping which have led to worryingly high levels of air pollution, and because the country relies heavily on those activities it’s unlikely they will change anytime soon.